MCQ's on Dermatology for Staff Nurses and Medical Exam [Objective]

MCQ's on Dermatology for Staff Nurses and Medical Exam [Objective]

1. Which of the following would be prescribed for acne?
(A) Actiq
(B) Actonel
(C) Accu­Check
(D) Accutane

2. An absence of pigment in the skin is called
(A) acanthosis nigricans
(B) albinism
(C) melanism
(D) xanthoderma

3. A burn which involves 2 layers of the skin and estroys the nerves and blood vessels, but does not go down to muscle or bone is a
(A) first­degree burn
(B) second­degree burn
(C) third­degree burn
(D) full­thickness burn

4. Death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply to the affected area is called
(A) cellulitis
(B) eczema
(C) gangrene
(D) psoriasis

5. An acute eruption of intensely itchy papules or wheals is called
(A) acne vulgaris
(B) pityriasis rosea
(C) psoriasis
(D) urticaria (hives.

6. Moles with the potential to develop into malignant melanoma are
(A) intradermal nevi
(B) dysplastic nevi
(C) giant nevi
(D) verrucae

7. The type of cyst contains yellowish sebum and is commonly found on the scalp, vulva, and scrotum.
(A) papule
(B) sebaceous cyst
(C) ulcer
(D) vesicle

8. Excessive hair on the face or body, especially in women, is called:
(A) albinism
(B) atrichia
(C) alopecia
(D) hirsutism

9. The half­moon shaped, white area located at the base of a fingernail is called the
(A) basal layer
(B) cuticle
(C) lunula
(D) stratum

10. An epidermal growth caused by a virus (wart.) is called a
(A) impetigo
(B) melanoma
(C) nevus
(D) verruca

11. Yellowing of the skin is indicative of
(A) hyperbillirubinemia
(B) hyperuricemia
(C) hyperkalemia
(D) hyporeninemia

12. Which of the following is a combining form meaning skin?
(A) adip/o
(B) cutane/o
(C) pachy/o
(D) xanth/o

13. A chronic dermatitis of unknown etiology in patients with a history of allergy is called
(A) actinic dermatitis
(B) atopic dermatitis
(C) stasis dermatitis
(D) seborrheic dermatitis

14. The outermost layer of skin is the
(A) dermis
(B) endodermis
(C) epidermis
(D) hypodermis

15. Of the three layers of the skin, which is the thick, fat­containing layer?
(A) dermis
(B) epidermis
(C) epithelium
(D) subcutaneous tissue

16. The brown­black pigment of the skin that is transferred to other epidermal cells and gives the skin its color is called
(A) albumin
(B) collagen
(C) keratin
(D) melanin

17. Which of the following is transcribed correctly?
(A) The patient was given metronidazole for rosacea and Lamisil for onychomycosis.
(B) The patient was given metronidazole for roseola and Lamisil for onychomycosis.
(C) The patient was given metronidazole for roseola and Lamisil for onychomycosis.
(D) The patient was given metroprolol for rosacea and Lamisil for onychomycosis.

18. Apocrine glands produce
(A) mucus
(B) sebum
(C) sweat
(D) keratin

19. Which of the following infections is also known as ringworm?
(A) folliculitis
(B) herpes simplex
(C) impetigo
(D) tinea corporis

20. Another term for itching is
(A) dermatitis
(B) keratosis
(C) petechiae
(D) pruritus

21. The skin, hair, nails, and glands all make up this system of the body.
(A) integumentary system
(B) lymphatic system
(C) musculoskeletal system
(D) nervous system

22. Clotrimazole and nystatin are both
(A) topical antifungals
(B) anti­itch creams
(C) topical antibiotics
(D) used to treat eczema

23. Which skin neoplasm is associated with an increase in the growth of cells in the keratin layer of the epidermis caused by pressure or friction?
(A) callus
(B) keloid
(C) keratosis
(D) leukoplakia

24. In this condition, there is a scaly dermatitis affecting parts of the skin that are supplied by oil glands.
(A) chronic dermatitis
(B) contact dermatitis
(C) eczema
(D) seborrheic dermatitis

25. Which of the following is a fungal infection?
(A) lichen planus
(B) keratosis
(C) suborrhea
(D) tinea capitis

26. A groove or a crack­like sore is called a (an.
(A) fissure
(B) nodule
(C) polyp
(D) ulcer

27. Which of the following is transcribed correctly?
(A) This 58­year­old woman had a biopsy proven melanom(A) Clarks level 1, on the left cheek.
(B) This 58­year­old woman had a biopsy­proven melanom(A) Clark's level 1, on the left cheek.
(C) This 58­year­old woman had a biopsy proven melen(A) Clark level 1, on the left cheek
(D) This 58­year­old woman had a biopsy­proven melanom(A) Clark level 1, on the left cheek.

28. Follicular dilation involving the nose and portions of the cheeks, erythema, papules, and pustules are classic signs of this dermatologic disorder.
(A) acne cosmetica
(B) acne pustulosa
(C) acne rosacea
(D) acne vulgaris

29. A skin disorder most often caused by the herpes virus and consisting of red lesions that look like targets is
(A) candidiasis
(B) erythema multiforme
(C) hirsutism
(D) keratosis pilaris

30. The vascular layer of skin is the
(A) dermis
(B) epidermis
(C) stratum corneum unguis
(D) hypodermis

31. When scraping for demodex, it may be helpful to pinch the skin while you scrap(E)
(A) True
(B) False

32. Impetigo is confined to the glabrous areas of a dog's body
(A) True
(B) False

33. What is the growth phase of a hair follicle?
(A) Anagen
(B) Catagen
(C) Growagen
(D) Telogen

34. What is one way to distinguise ARF from FAD?
(A) Excoriations
(B) Papules
(C) GI Signs
(D) Scratching of muzzle

35. Atopy is curable
(A) True
(B) False

36. Animals with fur have what type of follicles?
(A) Simple
(B) Intermediate
(C) Compound
(D) Fuzzy

37. When is a dog "cured" of demodex?
(A) Disease free for 1 year
(B) After 2 negative scrapes
(C) Never
(D) After 1 negative scrape

38. Dermatophilosis is zoonotic
(A) True
(B) False

39. Accral lick dermatitis can be a behavioral problem
(A) True
(B) False

40. Superficial pyoderma is a secondary disease process.
(A) True
(B) False

41. Eosinophillic Granuloma Complex is a disease in and of itself.
(A) True
(B) False

42. FAD is what type of reaction?
(A) Type I (Misse(D)
(B) Type II
(C) Type III
(D) Type IV (Misse(D)

Ans: A,D
43. All in contact dogs should be treated in a scabies cas(E)
(A) True
(B) False

44. Canine FAD lesions are usually found on the rump, feline are on the hea(D)
(A) True
(B) False

45. Failure to treat localized demedocosis will cause the dog to develop generalized demedocsis later on.
(A) True
(B) False

46. What is the resting phase of a hair follicle?
(A) Anagen
(B) Catagen
(C) Relaxagen
(D) Telogen

47. Notoedres can only infect cats
(A) True
(B) False

48. Wetting an area down with alchohol before plucking hairs for culture will decrease inaccurate tests.
(A) True
(B) False

49. What is the signalment for pemphigus foliaceus?
(A) Any age
(B) Elderly animals
(C) Very young puppies
(D) Young to middle aged adults

50. Otitis externa is very common in dogs with scabies.
(A) True
(B) False

51. Juvenile Cellulitis can appear in days
(A) True
(B) False

52. Age of onsent for puppy pyoderma
(A) 2­9 Months
(B) 3­6 months
(C) 6 months­ 1 year
(D) 8 weeks­6 months

53. What is the transition phase of a hair follicle?
(A) Telogen
(B) Catagen
(C) Zenagen
(D) Anagen

54. In atopy, the allergens are absorbed via the skin
(A) True
(B) False

55. Puppies grow out of their puppy coats
(A) True
(B) False

56. When culturing a pustule, the area must first be cleaned
(A) True
(B) False

57. Juvenile Cellulitis in dogs usually affects what part of the body
(A) Face
(B) Glabrous areas
(C) Body wide
(D) Axilla

58. What is the signalment for juvenile cellulitis
(A) 6 month
(B) 1 year
(C) 3­16 week old puppies
(D) 8­12 weeks

59. Demodex mites live where?
(A) Stratum Corneum
(B) All skin layers
(C) In the follicle
(D) On the hair shaft

60. FAD and insect hypersensitivity in horses are both similar not only in their presentation, but also in their "cure".
(A) True
(B) False

61. Demodectic mange is pruritic
(A) True
(B) False

62. It is necessary to clean the environment to eliminate ringworm
(A) True
(B) False

63. Which AB is responsible for atopy?
(A) IgA
(B) IgE
(C) IgG
(D) IgW

64. If not pruritic, linear granulomas should be treated how
(A) Prednisone
(B) Prednisolone
(C) Scientific Neglect
(D) Cyclosporin

65. Where are scabies mites found?
(A) Hair Follicles
(B) Stratum Corneum
(C) Sub­epidermal
(D) Throughout the skin layers

66 Surface irritation and inflammation caused by frictional trauma of skin on skin
(A) Skin Fold Dermatitis
(B) Furunculosis
(C) Alopecia
(D) Vesicle

67. Small elevation of skin containing purulent material
(A) Papule
(B) Pustule
(C) Vesicle
(D) Cyst

68. An erosion exposes the dermis underneath
(A) True
(B) False

69. An ulcer is:
(A) Shallow Epidermal defect
(B) Break in epidermis with exposure of dermis
(C) Not good for coffee drinkers
(D) A primary problem

70. Alopecia is:
(A) Full or partial hair loss
(B) Difficult for men to deal with
(C) Only full hair loss
(D) Never where you want it to be

71. Pyotraumatic Dermatitis is also known as a "hot spot"
(A) True
(B) False

72. Excessive scaling is:
(A) Gross
(B) Seborrhea
(C) Dandruff
(D) Epidermal Collarette

73. A vesicle is a sharply circumscribed lesion containing fluid
(A) True
(B) False

74. What is another term for intertrigo?
(A) Furunculosis
(B) Pyotraumatic Dermatitis
(C) Skin Fold Dermatitis

75. Circumscribed, developmental skin defect
(A) Nevus
(B) Macule
(C) Papule
(D) Pustule

76. Scale is an accumulation of fragments of stratum corneum
(A) True
(B) False

77. Inflammation secondary to rupture of a hair follicle
(A) Furunculosis
(B) Pustule
(C) Vesicle
(D) Plaque

78. Remnants of a pustule, vesicle, or bulla can be
(A) Epidermal Collarette
(B) Scale
(C) Plaque
(D) Cyst

79. Circumscribed lesion that is raised and consists of edema is urticaria
(A) True
(B) False

80. What is a bulla?
(A) Taunted by a bulla fighta
(B) A large vesicle
(C) Hives
(D) A large cyst

81. A comedone is a primary problem only
(A) True
(B) False

82. Actinic means related to chemically active rays of the electromagnetic spectrum.
(A) True
(B) False

83. Accumulation of keratin and follicular material that adheres to hair shaft
(A) Impetigo
(B) Scales
(C) Follicular Cast

84. Thickening of the epidermis and/or dermis
(A) Callus
(B) Lichenification
(C) Scaling
(D) Lacking in sensitive people

85. Circumscribed, non­palpable area characterized by color change
(A) Patch
(B) Papule
(C) Macule

86. A patch is a large macule
(A) True
(B) False

87. "Scratch" is a lay term for excoriation
(A) True
(B) False

88. Dilated hair follicle containing cornified cells and debris
(A) Comedone
(B) Pustule
(C) Furunculosis

89. A cicatrix is:
(A) benign
(B) a lesion
(C) a scar

90. A cyst is a closed sack of pouch under the skin.
(A) true
(B) false

91. Ecchymosis me

(A) A condition of the ear
(B) Skin discoloration
(C) Excessive sweating

92. Eczema is an inflammatory condition of the skin.
(A) True
(B) False

93. Erythema:
(A) blood condition
(B) red
(C) lack of pigmentation

94. Gangrene is necrosis (dea(D) tissue due to decomposition.
(A) True
(B) False

95. Herpes is:
(A) An S.T.(D)
(B) a cold sore or fever blister
(C) an invasion of pyogenic bacterium

96. Herpes Zoster is most commonly known as:
(A) shingles
(B) an enlarged fever blister
(C) blue colored skin

97. Cyanoderma me

(A) red skin
(B) blue skin
(C) yellow skin

98. Impetigo is a contagious bacterial skin infection with pustules that ruptur(E)
(A) True
(B) False

99. Kaposi's Sarcoma is a cancer associated with:

(A) Smokers
(B) (A)I.(D)S.
(C) Sun exposure

100. A Laceration is:
(A) a pathological change in tissue
(B) torn skin
(C) laser treatment for skin diseas(E)

101. Metastasis means to:
(A) spread infection from one person to another
(B) move or spread through the blood stream or lymph nodes
(C) abnormal breast condition

102. Benign means non­-cancerous.
(A) True
(B) False

103. A 1st degree burn is:
(A) the most severe type of burn
(B) superficial burn injuring the top layer of skin
(C) the first time the patient has been burne(D)

104. ___________ means itching caused by dry skin, parasitic infection or diseas(E)
(A) Scabies
(B) Herpes Zoster
(C) Pruritis

105. Tinea ________ means ring worm, athlete's foot.
(A) purpura
(B) impetigo
(C) corporis

106. Scabies is a contagious skin condition caused by parasitic mites.
(A) True
(B) False

107. Pediculosis me

(A) Inflammatory condition of the skin.
(B) Infestation with lice
(C) Irritated and peeling feet.

108. Petechiae is a small _____________ spot on the skin.
(A) hemorragic
(B) raised
(C) discolored

109. Urticaria me

(A) allergic reaction of the skin
(B) thickened skin
(C) dead tissue

110. SLE stands for_________________ and is an autoimmune diseas(E)
(A) squamous laceration ecchymosis
(B) systemic lupus erythematosus
(C) septic lymphodic edema

111. Similar to a vescle but larger usually more than 5mm in diameter, consisting of clear fluid accumulated within or below the epidermis.
(A) Vesicle
(B) Pustule
(C) Bulla
(D) Cyst

112. Dried exudate on the surface of the skin.
(A) Plaque
(B) Crust
(C) Scale

113. A localised area of colour or textural change in the skin
(A) Macule
(B) Ecchymosis
(C) Freckle

114. Alopecia is the absence of hair?
(A) True
(B) False

115. Atrophic skin is thin, translucent and wrinkled with easily visable blood vessels
(A) True
(B) False

116. An acute abcess formation in adjacent hair follicles.
(A) Carbuncle
(B) Furuncle
(C) Folliculitis

117. A compressible papule or plaque of dermal oedema, red or white in colour.
(A) Urticaria (Misse(D)
(B) Erythema
(C) Wheal (Misse(D)
(D) Purpura

Ans: A,C
118. A pustule is a visible collection of pus in a blister. Pustules can be seen in psoriasis
(A) True
(B) False

119. A purulent inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
(A) Erythema
(B) Ecchymosis
(C) Cellulitis

120. A small solid elevation of the skin, generally defined as less than 5mm, maybe flat or domeshape(D)
(A) Nodule
(B) Papule
(C) Macule

121. Irritants cause more contact dermatitis than allergens do?
(A) True
(B) False

122. Contact dermatitis, which of the following are common irritants?
(A) Water (Misse(D)
(B) temperature extremes (Misse(D)
(C) Frictional abrasives (Misse(D)
(D) Nickel

123. Atopic eczema induces lichenification
(A) True
(B) False

124. Treatments used to treat Atopic eczema
(A) Emollients (Misse(D)
(B) Antihistamines (Misse(D)
(C) Hot baths
(D) Topical steroids (Misse(D)
(E) Antibiotics (Misse(D)

125. Types of Eczema
(A) Discoid eczema (Misse(D)
(B) Seborrhoeic Dermatitis (Misse(D)
(C) Venous eczema (Misse(D)
(D) Arthiritic dermatitis
(E) Lichen simplex chronicus (Misse(D)
F. Lichen striatus (Misse(D)

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