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Important General Knowledge Question In Hindi

प्रश्न – नर्मदा और ताप्ती नदियो के बीच कोनसी पहाडिया स्थित है ?
Important General Knowledge Question in Hindi
उत्तर – सतपुड़ा श्रेणिया

प्रश्न – किम्बरले किसके उत्तपादन के लिए प्रसिद्ध है ?
उत्तर – हीरा के खनन के लिए

प्रश्न – प्रसिद्ध सूर्य मंदिर कहा स्थित है ?
उत्तर – कोणार्क (उड़ीसा )

प्रश्न – श्री अरविंदो आश्रम कहा स्थित है ?
उत्तर – पांडिचेरी

प्रश्न – भारत का सर्वाधिक जूट उत्पादक क्षेत्र किस राज्य में है ?
उत्तर – पश्चिम बंगाल

प्रश्न – सुभाष चन्द बोस के त्याग पत्र के बाद कांग्रेस का अध्यक्ष कोन बना ?
उत्तर – राजेन्द्र प्रसाद

प्रश्न – किसके प्रशासन काल में स्थायी बंदोबस्त प्रारम्भ हुआ ?
उत्तर – लोर्ड कार्नवालिस

प्रश्न – किसने कहा – भारत में क्रांति होने जा रही है और हमे जल्दी चले जाना चाहिए ?
उत्तर – लार्ड वेवेल

प्रश्न – किसने कहा -मेरी पीठ पर किया जाने वाला प्रत्येक प्रहार ब्रिटिश साम्राज्य के ताबूत में एक कील होगा ?
उत्तर – लाला लाजपतराय

प्रश्न – 14 जून 1947 को कांग्रेस के दिल्ली अधिवेशन में भारत विभाजन प्रस्ताव स्वीकृत हुआ , इसकी अध्यक्षता किसने की ?
उत्तर – जे. वी. कृपलानी

प्रश्न – हर्ष के दरबार में हेन्सांग को डोट के रूप में किसने भेजा ?
उत्तर – ताई सुंग

प्रश्न – केविनेट मिसन के सदस्यों के नाम बताओ ?
उत्तर – लार्ड पथिक लारेंस , सर स्टेफोर्ड क्रिप्स , ए. वी. अलेक्जेंडर

प्रश्न – भारत की आजादी के समय ब्रिटेन का प्रधान मंत्री कोन था ?
उत्तर – क्लीमेंट एटली (लेबर पार्टी )

प्रश्न – महात्मा गाँधी ने कब और किस तनाव से दुखी होकर 21 दिन तक उपवास रखा ?
उत्तर – 1924 साम्प्रदायिक तनाव से दुखी होकर

प्रश्न – विश्व का सबसे ऊचा और बड़ा तिब्बत का पत्थर किन पर्वत श्रेणियो के मध्य स्थित है ?
उत्तर – कुनलुन और हिमालय

प्रश्न – प्रकाश संश्लेषण के लिए कोनसी गैस आवश्यक है ?
उत्तर – कार्बन डाइ आक्साइड

प्रश्न – कोनसा कार्बनिक योगिक सबसे पहले संश्लेसित किया गया ?
उत्तर – यूरिया

प्रश्न – सियाचिन क्या है ?
उत्तर – भारत और पाक के मध्य ग्लेसिअर सीमा

प्रश्न – शारदा एक्ट , जो हरविलाश शारदा द्वारा प्रस्तावित किया , किससे सम्बन्धित है ?
उत्तर – बल विवाह रोक से

प्रशन धरती का एयर कंडीशनर क्या है?
उत्तर – आर्कटिक प्रदेश

प्रश्न – स्वैने फ्लू किस वायरस से होता है?
उत्तर – H1N1

प्रशन संसार का चीनी का कटोरा (bowl) कोनसा राष्ट्र कहलाता है ?
उत्तर – क्यूबा

प्रशन संसार की सबसे लम्बी नदी कौनसी है ?
उत्तर – नील अफ्रीका महादीप

प्रशन संसार की सबसे खारी पानी की झील कोंसी है ?
उत्तर – वॉर्न झील जो टर्की में स्थित है .

प्रश्न – संसार की सबसे ऊची पर्वत चोटी कोनसी है ?
उत्तर – एवेरस्ट 8848 मीटर ऊंचाई (हिमालय पर्वत )

प्रश्न – संसार का सबसे ठंडा स्थान कोनसा है ?
उत्तर – वर्ख्योंस्क (साइबेरिया )

प्रश्न – संसार का सबसे बड़ा द्वीप (island) कोनसा है ?
उत्तर – ग्रीन लैंड

प्रश्न – संसार की कोनसी नदी सबसे ज्यादा पानी समुद्र में पहुचाती है ?
उत्तर – अमेज़न (दक्षिण अमेरिका )

प्रश्न – उगते हुऐ सूर्य का देश के नामसे कोनसा देश जन जाता है ?
उत्तर – जापान ( निप्पन )

प्रश्न – संसार का सबसे बड़ा महासागर कोनसा है ?
उत्तर – प्रशांत महासागर

प्रश्न – रेड क्रॉस की स्थापना किसने की ?
उत्तर – जान हेनरी दुरंत

प्रश्न – ‘अर्ध रात्री का सूर्य’ कोनसा सा देश कहलाता है ?
उत्तर – नार्वे (यूरोप )

प्रशन संसार का वह देश जिसने सबसे पहले महिलाओ को मतदान का अधिकार दिया ?
उत्तर – न्यूजीलैंड

प्रशन ऑस्ट्रेलिया की खोज किसने की ?
उत्तर – जेम्स कुक

प्रशन (U.N.O.) का विस्तृत रूप क्या है ?
उत्तर – सयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ यूनाइटेड नेशन्स ओर्गानिज़शन

प्रशन सयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ की स्थापना कब हुई ?
उत्तर – 24 -10 -1945

प्रशन सयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ के प्रथम महासचिव(सेक्रेत
्ररी जनरल ) कोन थे ?
उत्तर – त्रिग्वेली

प्रशन सयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ के प्रथम एशियाई महासचिव कोन थे ?
उत्तर – यूं थाट (बर्मा मयंमार )

प्रश्न – प्रेशर कुकर में खाना जल्दी क्यों पकता है ?
उत्तर – दाब अधिक होने से पानी अधिक ताप पर उबलता है

प्रश्न – गर्मियो में सफ़ेद कपडे पहनना अधिक आरामदायक क्यों रहता है ?
उत्तर – आपतित सारी ऊष्मा को परावर्तित करने के कारण

प्रश्न – विश्व में कोनसा तत्व सर्वाधिक पाया जाता है ?
उतर नाइट्रोजन

प्रश्न – मूत्रालयों के पास नाक को चुभने वाली गंध का क्या कारण होता है ?
उत्तर – अमोनिया

प्रश्न – पहला कम्प्यूटर किसने बनाया ?
उत्तर – चार्ल्स वेवेज

प्रश्न – दूध में मिठास का क्या कारण होता है ?
उत्तर – लेक्टोस

प्रश्न – सार्क का सचिवालय कहा स्थित है ?
उत्तर – काठमांडू (नेपाल )*
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Himachal Pradesh Major Rivers - Read Full Article

Himachal Pradesh Major Rivers - Read Full ArticleHimachal Pradesh provides water to the Ganga  and Indus basins . The drainage systems of the region are the Sutlej,the Ravi,the Beas,the Chenab(Chandra Bhaga), and the Yamuna

The Sutlej (Satadru or Satudri) : 

The Satluj river rises from the Rakas-Tal (Rakas Lake) which is situated at an altitude of around 4600m near the Mansarovar lake in Tibet.The Satluj  makes gorges through the Zaskar and the Greater Himalayan Ranges. At the Indo-Tibetan border(near Shipki La) it enters Himachal Pradesh where it cuts through the Zaskar Range.The river from here flows westward and passes Kalpa, and then crosses Dhauladhar Range (near Rampur) through a narrow gorge.The Spiti River joins the Sutlej from north.Passing through the Shiwalik, and the gorge near Bhakra village. The Bhakra dam has been constructed across the river. Below the Bhakra Dam,the river comes to the Punjab plain at Ropar. The lenght of river about 320 km,draining an area of about 20,000 sq km(7,700sq mi).

The Ravi (Parushni or Iravati):

The Ravi rises in Bara Banghal ,(Kangra H.P) as a joint stream formed by the glacier fed Tantgari & Bhadal. The Ravi drains the westren slope  of Pir-Panjal and Dhauladhar Range of northen slope.It flows for about 158 km and drains 5451 sq km area. Chamba Town lies on its right bank. Below Chamba ,it truns to the south-west, cuts a gorge in Dhauladhar Range and enters the Punjab plain.

The Beas (Vipasa or Argikiya):

The Beas river rises from Beas Kund neat the Rohtang Pass (Kullu) at an altitutude of about 4000 m.It cuts the Dhauladhar Range near Khoti and Larji. It flows along Manali and Kullu town. Its important tributaries are the Parbati, the Hurla, the Uhl,the Banganga,the Kunah and the baner.It flows the Kangra Valley and enter the Punjab. The Beas river passes through Kapurthala and Amritsar and jions thr Satluj river. It flows  256 km ,draining an area of about 1200 sq km. The  Beas eastern and nothern side tributaries are snow fed and southern are seasonal. During the raining month (August) increase in the inflow cause floods.

The Chenab (Asikni):


The Chenab flows in Himachal Pradesh for about 122 km draining an area of 7500 sq km. The Chenab is known as Chandrabhaga in Himachal Pradesh. The Chandra and Bhaga two main streams of the river meet at Tandi in Lahaul.After uniting ,the Chenab flows the Pir-Panjal and the Himalayas. At Kishtwar, it makes a pin bend and enters the Kashmir. It passes through the barren tribal land.

The Yamuna (Klakindhi):

The Yamuna is originating from Yamunotri Glacire in Uttarkashi (Uttarakhand).The Tons river joined the Yamuna river behind tthe Mussoorie Range (Uttarakhand).Its important tributaries are the right bank tributaries,orginating from the Aravallis Rajasthan, Vindhyan Range of Madhya Pradesh. The right hand tributaries of the Yamuna River are the Chambal,Sind,Bata,Tons and ken. Its total catchment area is 2320 sq km in Himachal Pradesh.

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The Brahmaputra River- Yarlung Tsangpo

The Brahmaputra River- Yarlung Tsangpo
Brahmaputra river
The Brahmaputra river is one of the major rivers of Asia. Originatting from the glaciers lying to the east of the Mansarovar Lake,at elevation of 5150 m. The Brahmaputra is known as the Tsangpo in Tibet.It passes the Dihang-Gorge in the Arunachal Pradesh.At Sadiya the river comes down to 135 m above sea level.The river flows to the west in Assam upto Dhubri . It takes a sharp southward bend to enter into Bangladesh.

The catchment area of the Brahmaputra receives heavy rainfall.It has numerous tributaries on its both banks and most of the tributaries pour large quantity of sediment and water into the river.The largest river island Majuli in Asia, lies in this river which is bounded by the Lakhimpur District in the north and the Jorhat District in the south .The river basin is well known for flooding and river bank erosion. The floods affect on average,an area of 100,000 hec yearlly. Below Pasighat, Brahmaputra draws a number od tributaries such as Kameng,Manasarver,Subansiri,Bhareli,Sankos,Teesta,Jaldhaka,Beki and Raidak on its right bank. The Dihang ,Burhi Dihang and Lohit are from the east, and Dhansiri,Kalang and Kapili are the left bank tributaries.


Rangit river : The Rangit is originating from  Sikkim and it has a large number of rapids. This river is well known for the rafting sports . Its banks provide good camping grounds.

The Sankosh : The Sankosh is the main river of Bhutan. It meets Brahmaputra below Dhubri.

The Subansiri :  This is a large tributary of the Brhmaputra River. It separates the Miri Hills from the Abor Hills.

The Dhansiri : The Dhansiri river rises from the Naga Hills and after flowing for about 300 km through Nagaon.

The Barak River : This river rises from Mt.Japov (Nagaland),flows southwards in Manipur and makes a hair pin bend. Several of its affluents, which drain the noerthen part of Mizoram, combine toghter to flow past Silchar in the Cachar District . The Barak basin has Mawsynram and Cherrapunji which receive the highest rainfall in the world.It flows to Bangladesh where it is called as Surma. The Barak river meets the Padma at Chandpur below Dacca, after which the combined river Surma and Padma is known as Medgna.

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Indian Drainage System

Indian Drainage System
Watershed
A river drains the water collected from a specific area,which is called its 'catchment area'. An area drained by a river and its tributaries is called a drainage basin. The boundary line separating one drainage basin from the other is known as the watershed. The catchments of large rivers are called river basins while those of small rivulets and rills are often referred to as watersheds.Watersheds are small in area while the basins cover larger areas.
Indian drainage system may be divided on various bases.On the basis of discharge of water(orientations to the sea),it may be grouped into

1.The Arabian Sea Drainage .
2. The Bay of Bengal Drainage

They are separated from each other through the delhi ridge, the Aravalis and the Sahyadris Nearly 77 per cent of the drainage area consisting of the Ganga, the Brahmaputra,the Mahanadi,the Krishna etc is oriented towards the Bay Of Bengal while 23 per cent comprising the Indus,the Narmada,the Tapi, the Mahi and the periyar systems discharge their waters in the Arabian Sea.

On the basis of the size of the watershed, the drainage basins of India are grouped into three categories:
1.Major river basins with more than 20,000 sq km of catchment area. It includes 14 drainage basins such as the Ganga, the Brahmaputra,etc.
2.Medium river basins with catchment area between 2,000-20,000 sq km incorporating 44 rivers basins such as the Kalindi,the Periyar etc.
3.Minor river basins with the catchment area of less than 2,000 sq km include fairly good number of rivers flowing in the area of low rainfall.
On the basis of the mode of origin, nature and characteristics,the Indian drainage may also br classified into the Himalayan drainage and the Peninsular drainage.

DRAINAGE SYSTEM OF INDIA

Indian drainage system consists of a large number of small and big rivers. It is the outcome of the evolutionary process of the three major physiographic units and the nature and characteristics of precipitation.

Comparison between the Peninsular River and the Himalayan

Place of origin Peninsular plateau and central highland,Nature of flow Seasonal; Dependent on monsoon rainfall, Type of drainage Super imposed, rejuvenated resulting in trellis, radial and rectangular patterns, Nature of river smaller, fixed course with well-adjusted valleys, Catchment area relatively smaller basin, Age of the rivers with graded profile, and have almost reached their base levels.



Himalayan mountain covered with glaciers Perennial; receive water from glacier and rainfall Antecedent and consequent leading to dendritic pattern in plains long course

Flowing through the rugged mountains experiencing head ward erosion and river capturing ;In plains meandering and shifting of course very large basins Young and youthful

Active and deepening in the valleys


Highlights of India's National Water Policy, 2002

The National Water Policy 2002 stipulates water allocation priorities broadly in the following order:
Drinking water,irrigation, hydro-power, navigation, industrail and other uses. The policy stipulates progressive new approaches to water management .
Key features include:

  1. Irrigation and multi-purpose projects should invariably include drinking water component, wherever there is no alternative source of drinking water.
  2. Providing drinking water to all human beings and animals should be the first priority.
  3. Measures should be taken to limit and regulate the exploitation og groundwater.
  4. Both surface and ground water should be regularly monitored for quality. A phased programme should be undertaken for improving water quality.
  5. The efficiency of utilisation in all the diverse uses of water should be improved.
  6. Awareness of water as a scarce resource should be fostered.
  7. Conservation consciousness should be promoted through education,regulation,incentives and the disincentives.

In India, the rivers can be divided into main two groups:

  • Himalayan Rivers
  • Peninsular Rivers
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World's Geographical Cities, Rivers and More with Their Surnames

Surname
Name
Surname
Name
Bengal’s Sorrow
Damodar River
Key to the Mediterranean
Gibralter
The Blue Mountains
Nilgiri Hills
Land of Cakes
Scotland
City of Sky-scrapers
New York
Land of Golden Fleece
Australia
City of Seven Hills
Rome
Land of Maple Leaf
Canada
City of Dreaming Spires
Oxford
Land of Morning Calm
Korea
City of Palaces
Kolkata
Land of Midnight Sun
Norway
City of Golden Gate
San Francisco
Land of the Thousand Lakes
Finland
City of Magnificent
Washington D.C.
Land of the Thunderbolt
Bhutan
City of Eternal Springs
Quito
Land of White Elephant
Thailand
China’s Sorrow
Hwang Ho
Land of Five Rivers
Punjab
Cockpit of Europe
Belgium
Land of Thousand Elephants
Loas
Dark Continent
Africa
Land of Rising Sun
Japan
Emerald Isle
Ireland
Loneliest Island
Tristan De Gunha (Mid- Atlantic)
Eternal City
Rome
Manchester of Japan
Osaka
Empire City
New York
Pillars of Hercules
Strait of Gibralter
Forbidden City
Lhasa(Tibet)
Pearl of the  Antilles
Cuba
Garden City
Chicago
Playground of Europe
Switzerland
Gate of Tears
Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb
Quaker City
Philadelphia
Gateway of India
Mumbai
Queen of the Adriatic
Venice
Gift of Nile
Egypt
Roof of the World
The Pamirs, Central Asia
Granite City
Aberdeen (Scotland)
Rose Pink City
Jaipur
Herring Pond
Atlantic Ocean
Venice of the North
Stackholm
Holy Land
Jerusalem
Windy City
Chicago
Island Continent
Australia
Whiteman’s Grave
Guinea Coast of Africa
Island of Cloves
Zanzibar
Yellow River
Huang Ho
Isle of Pearls
Bahrein (Persian Gulf)
Hermit Kingdom
Korea
Sugar bowl of the World
Cuba


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The Star Formation: How A Star Born ?

Stars: Star is self-luminous bodies that account for 98 percent of the material in the galaxy. The rest 2 percent consists of interstellar or galactic gas and dust in an attenuated form. Stars are formed by gravitational contractions from these vast clouds of galactic gas and dust. Star-forming clouds are thousands of times denser than the normal interstellar gas. The star-forming matter is richer in hydrogen and helium.

The Star Formation: How A Star Born ?




A star's color indicates the temperature of its surface. Blue color denotes maximum temperature. Then comes yellow, then red, etc.
The life of a star is spread over billions of years. It begins to form by compression of galactic gas and dust. Compression generates heat which in turn causes hydrogen to be converted into helium nuclear fusion, thereby emitting a large amount of heat and light.

Continued nuclear fusion over a period of time starts depletion of hydrogen and the helium core becomes increasingly heavy, resulting in swelling and reddening of outer regions. Such starts of gigantic dimensions are termed as Red Giants.

If the star of sun's size, it becomes a White Dwarf. Their density can reach up to 10 grams per cubic cm. If the star is bigger than the sun but not more than twice as big, it will turn into a Neutron Star or Pulsar. Their central density 1014  grams per cubic cm. They are formed due to Novae or Super Novae explosion.
Stars having a mass greater than three times that of the sun, because of their great gravitational power, have contracted so much that they have developed super density of 1016 grams per cubic cm. 

It is so dense that nothing, not even light, can escape from its gravity and hence called 'Black Hole'.
Brightest star outside our solar system is Sirius, also called Dog Star.

Closest star of Solar System is Proxima Centauri (4.2 light years away). Then come Alpha Centauri (4.3 light years away and Barnard's Star (5.9 light years away).
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Famous Foreign Towns and Industrial Countries of The World

Foreign Towns Associated With Industries


Town (Country)
Associated Industry
Baku (Azerbaijan)
Petroleum
Bangkok(Thailand)
Ship Building
Belfast (Ireland)
Ship Building
Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Meat
Cadiz (Portugal)
Cork
Chicago (U.S.A)
Agricultural Implements, Meat
Cologne (Germany)
Cotton, Woolen Industries
Dhaka (Bangladesh)
Jute
Detroit (U.S.A)
Motor Cars
Dresden (Germany)
Optical and Photographic Apparatus
Glasgow (Great Britain)
Machinery
Havana (Cuba)
Tabacoo, Cigars
Hollywood (U.S.A)
Film Industry
Johannesburg (South Africa)
Gold Mines
Kimberley (South Africa)
Gold Mining
Leeds (England)
Woolen Goods
Lyons (France)
Silk Industry
Manchester (England)
Cotton Industry
Mauritius (Indian Ocean)
Fishing, Shipping, Sugar
Milan (Italy)
Silk
Morocco (North Africa)
Leather
Munich (Germany)
Lenses
New Orleans (U.S.A)
Cotton Industry
Osaka (Japan)
Cotton Fabrics
Pittsburg (U.S.A)
Iron and Steel

Famous Industrial Countries of The World


Country
Associated Industry
Country
Associated Industry
Afghanistan
Carpets, Wool, Dry fruits
Iran
Petroleum, Carpets
Australia
Wheat, Wool, Meat
Iraq
Petroleum, Dates
Austria
Machinery, Textiles
Japan
Electronics, Automobiles
Belgium
Glass, Textiles
Italy
Mercury, Textile
Brazil
Coffee
Kuwait
Petroleum
Canada
Wheat, Newsprint
Malaysia
Tin, Rubber
Chile
Copper
Mexico
Silver
China
Rice, Wheat, Silk
Netherlands
Electrical Goods
Cubea
Sugar, Tobacco
Russia
Heavy Machinery, Petroleum
Denmark
Dairy Products
Saudi Arabia
Oil, Dates
England
Textiles, Machinery
Spain
Lead
Finland
Textiles
Sweden
Matches
France
Textiles, Wine
Switzerland
Watches
Germany
Machinery
Taiwan
Camphor
India
Mica, Tea, Jute, Textiles
South Africa
Gold, Diamond Mining
Indonesia
Rubber, Cinchona
U.S.A
Automobiles Machinery
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Pajhota Movement of Sirmaur (पझौता आन्दोलन हिमाचल)

पझौता आन्दोलन हिमाचल और सिरमौर के इतिहास में विशेष स्थान रखता है । अक्तूबर , 1942 . में सिरमौर रियासत के किसानों ने सरकार के अत्याचारी शास...

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