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Hppsc 39 Deputy Superintendent of Police, Civil Judge & Professor Vacancy @ hppsc.hp.gov.in

HPPSC Recruitment 2019 has invited online application form for the  post of 33 Professors, Assistant Professor & Associate Professor Posts are in Different Departments of Himachal Pradesh Government. Interested candidates can apply online on or before 16 Jul 2019 11:59 PM.

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Total Vacancies: 33

Important Dates

Starting Date to Apply Online27 Jun 2019
Closing Date to Apply Online16 Jul 2019 till 11:59 PM

Application Fee

Gen. Category₹400
SC/ ST/ OBC of HP₹100
Ex-Servicemen of H.P.Nil
Pay the Examination Fee through Debit Card, Credit Card, Net Banking.

Age Limit

Name of postAge Limit
Professor50 years
Associate Professor
Assistant Professor45 years

Job Location

Himachal Pradesh


Name of postQualifications
Professori) A postgraduate degree in the concerned speciality as mentioned in Part-A of Annexure-II or its equivalent qualifications.
ii) At least 4 years teaching experience as Associate Professor in the concerned speciality failing which an Associate Professor having 7 years teaching experience as Associate Professor and Assistant Professor combined in the concerned speciality. However, in all cases, the incumbent shall have a minimum of ten years of teaching experience after post graduation in any recognized Medical College.
Associate Professori) A postgraduate degree in the concerned speciality as mentioned in Part-A of Annexure-II or its equivalent qualifications.
ii) At least five years teaching experience as Assistant Professor in the concerned speciality failing which an Assistant Professor having Six years teaching experience as Assistant Professor and Lecturer combined which shall include four years teaching experience as Assistant Professor in the concerned speciality after post graduation in any recognized Medical College.
Assistant Professori) A postgraduate degree in the concerned speciality as mentioned in Part-A of Annexure-II or its equivalent qualifications.
ii) At least 3 years of teaching experience as Lecturer / Registrar / Demonstrator/ Resident after doing post-graduation in the concerned speciality in any recognized Medical College.

Vacancy Details

Name(s) of post(s)/ specialtyNo. of Post
Item No. (I) A: Department of Medical Education, H.P 
Professor (Paediatrics) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba.01(UR)
Professor (Obstetrics & Gynecology) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba.01(UR)
Professor (Radio Diagnosis) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba.01(UR)
Professor (Biochemistry) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba01(UR)
Professor (Pathology) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba01(UR)
Professor (Microbiology) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba01(UR)
Professor (Community Medicine) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba01(UR)
Professor (General Surgery) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba01(UR)
Item No. (I) B: Department of Medical Education, H.P. 
Associate Professor (Anatomy) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba01(UR)
Associate Professor (General Medicine) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba.02(UR)
Associate Professor (Physiology) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba.01(UR)
Associate Professor (General Surgery) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba02(UR)
Associate Professor (Pathology) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba02(UR)
Associate Professor (Community Medicine) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba02(UR)
Associate Professor (Orthopedics) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba.01(UR)
Associate Professor (Obstetrics & Gynecology) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba01(UR)
Associate Professor (Anesthesiology) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba02(UR)
Associate Professor (Radio Diagnosis) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba.01(UR)
Item No. (I) C: Department of Medical Education, H.P. 
Assistant Professor (Anesthesiology) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba01(UR)
Assistant Professor (General Surgery) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba02(UR)
Assistant Professor (General Medicine) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba02(UR)
Assistant Professor (Otorhinolaryngology) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba.01(UR)
Assistant Professor (Radio Diagnosis) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba.01(UR)
Assistant Professor (Obstetrics & Gynecology) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba01(UR)
Assistant Professor (Community Medicine) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba
Assistant Professor (Tuberculosis and Respiratory Department) Class-I (Gazetted) in Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. Medical College Chamba01(UR)
Grand Total33

Pay Scale

Name of postPay Scale
Professor₹ 37400- 67000 + ₹ 10,000 Grade Pay
Associate Professor₹ 37400- 67000 + ₹ 8900 Grade Pay + 400 Special pay
Assistant Professor₹ 37400- 67000 + ₹ 8900 Grade Pay

Selection Process

On the basis of Interview.

How to Apply

Eligible candidates may apply online at HPPSC's website (direct link is given below) from 27 Jun 2019 to 16 Jul 2019 till 11:59 PM.

Steps To Apply Online:
  1. Before applying to Online Applicants have valid email & Scanned copies of photo, signature.
  2. Candidates log on to http://www.hppsc.hp.gov.in/hppscoafs/SignUp.aspx 
  3. Go to "Registration" & Register yourself.
  4. Click on "Click here for New Registration", if you are a new user.
  5. Complete the Registration & Click on "Create User".
  6. After Registration, Log in with Registered Number & Password.
  7. Fill all details in the application & upload Photo, Signature.


Hpgk mcq May 2019 ,Based on Elections

hp gk mcqQ.1 हिमाचल प्रदेश उच्च न्यायालय के वर्तमान मुख्य न्यायाधीश निम्न में से कौन हैं?
A) जस्टिस  धर्मचंद चौधरी
B) जस्टिस सूर्यकांत
C) जस्टिस सजंय करोल
D) जस्टिस वी रामसुब्रमण्यन

Q.2 हिमाचल प्रदेश से सम्बन्ध रखने वाले सांसद अनुराग ठाकुर हाल ही में केंद्र के ______ मन्त्री बने हैं|
A) आठवें
B) नौवें
C) छठे
D) पांचवें

Q.3 हाल ही में हिमाचल के किस संसदीय क्षेत्र में सबसे अधिक मतदान हुआ था?
A) शिमला
B) हमीरपुर
C) काँगड़ा
D) मण्डी

Q.4  हिमाचल प्रदेश में बनी सबसे पहली जल विद्युत परियोजना कौन सी है ?
A) पार्वती परियोजना
B) सजंय गांधी जल विद्युत परियोजना
C) भांखड़ा परियोजना
D) शानन जल विद्युत परियोजना

Q.5 निम्न में से कौन सी परियोजना निजी क्षेत्र की सबसे बड़ी परियोजना है?
A) नाथपा झाकड़ी परियोजना
B) कड़छम वांगतू परियोजना
C) हड़सर परिजोयना
D) लारजी परियोजना

Q.6 हिमाचल की पहली महिला विधान सभा अध्यक्ष कौन हैं?
A) विप्लव ठाकुर
B) विद्या स्टोक्स
C) एस चक्रवर्ती
D) इनमें से कोई नही

Q.7 हिमाचल प्रदेश का वह कौन सा जिला है जिसे 'हिमाचल की आर्थिक राजधानी' के रूप में जाना जाता है?
A) मण्डी
B) शिमला
C) कुल्लू
D) सोलन

Q.8 भारतीय संघ में विलय होने वाली पहली हिमाचली रियासत कौन सी थी ?
A) गुलेर
B) ठियोग
C) जसवां
D) नालागढ़

Q.9 ‘सोयी हुई या ज़मीन पर लेटी हुई नारी’ आकृति के समान हिमाचल की कौन सी झील मानी जाती है?
A) रेणुका
B) रिवालसर
C) गोविन्द सागर
D) पराशर

Q.10 थिरोट जल विद्युत परियोजना हिमाचल के किस जिले में स्थित है?
A) सिरमौर
B) सोलन
C) लाहुल स्पीति
D) शिमला

HPPSC Shimla - Civil Judge - 5 Posts , Last Date - 10 July 2019

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Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission (HPPSC) has given  notification for the recruitment of Civil Judge vacancies of HP Judicial Service (Prelims) Exam. Those Candidates who are interested can  Apply Online. Last date for apply online is 10 July 2019. 

Name of the Post : Civil Judge

Total Vacancy: 05

Age Limit (as on 10-06-2019) : 
  • Minimum Age: 22 Years
  • Maximum Age: 35 Years

Note : Age relaxation is applicable as per rules

Qualification :  Candidate must be a Holder of Degree in Law

Examination Fee : 
  • For General: Rs. 400/-
  • SC & Other Prescribed Reserved Category (H.P): Rs. 100/-

Payment Mode: Through Debit Card, Credit Card & Net Banking

Last Date to Apply Online: 10-07-2019

Last Date for Receipt of Downloaded Applications Along with Requisite Document: 17-07-2019

For more detail click on the link below...


Hppsc Asst Professor CC Computer Application Nov-2018 Question paper pdf

HPPSC conducted Assistant Professor CC exam in Nov, 2018. So today we are sharing the pdf file of question paper. Reader can download the pdf file from the download link given below.

Name of Exam : HPPSC AP CC Computer Application
Conducted By: HPPSC, Shimla
Time Duration: 2 hours

You can Download the Question Paper and Answer Keys from the links given below.

Size : 4.5MB

Mandi Himachal Gk History, Geography, River, Famous Places

    mandi map
  • Country - India
  • State - Himachal Pradesh
  • Others Names- Choti Kashi, Varanasi of Hills
  • Municipality- Mandi
  • Head Quarters- Mandi
  • Area- 3,951 km sq (1,525 sq mi)
  • Population:
  • Total 900,987
  • Density  230/km2 (590/sq mi)
  • Founder of Mandi: Raja Bahu Sen
  • Founder of Mandi Town- Raja Ajbar Sen
  • Founder of Suket State- Raja Bir Sen
  • Present King of Mandi: HH Raja Ashokpal Sen
  • Clothing-Cotton clothes in summer and woolen to heavy woolen in winter.
  • Language-Hindi, English, Pahari and Mandyali are understood and spoken by the people engaged in tourism trade.
  • Tehsils- Mandi, Chachyot, Thunag, Karsog, Kotli,Jogindernagar, Padhar, Ladbhadol, Sundernagar, Sarkaghat and Balh
  • Sub-Tehsils- Bali Chowki, Sandhol, Baldwada, Aut, Nihri and Dharampur.
  • Sub divisions- Mandi, Chachyot, Jogindernagar, Padhar, Sarkaghat, Karsog and Sundernagar.

How to Reach:
Train: Nearest Railway Stations are Joginder Nagar and Shimla.
Road-  By using NH 21 national Highway.

Not much is known about the early history prior to the formation of Suket in 765 AD. The area had been under the control of Ranas or Thakurs. The only place that has an early mention in literature is Rewalsar and it is mentioned in the Skanda Purana as a sacred place of pilgrimage. Karnpur, a small village is said to have been founded by Karan, a hero of the Mahabharta. A temple at Gumma points to the locality where the Pandavas sheltered themselves when the attempt to burn them downfailed. Beyond this not much of the erstwhile state’s existence can be found in classical literature. According to the Tibetan tradition, Padam Sambhav (750-800 AD), the great Buddhist Patriarch, who was summoned by king Tisong-De-Tsen of Tibet for preaching Buddhism, hailed from Zahor, which represents the country round about Rewalsar. On the basis of this it is concluded that Mandi must have been a great place of Buddhist learning about this time.
flags of mandi and suket state

 The present District Of Mandi was formed with the merger of two princely states Mandi and Suket on 15th April 1948, when the State of Himachal Pradesh came into existence. Ever since the formation of the district, it has not witnessd any changes in it’s jurisdiction. The chiefs of Mandi and Suket are said to be from a common ancestor of the Chandravanshi line of Rajputs of Sena dynasty of Bengal and they claim their descent from the Pandavas of the Mahabharata. The ancestors of the line believed to have ruled for 1,700 years in Indarprastha(Delhi), until one Khemraj was driven out by his Wazir, Bisarp, who then took over the throne. Khemraj, having lost his knogdom, fled eastward and settled in Bengal, where 13 of his successors are said to have ruled for 350 years. From there they had to flee to Ropar in Punjab, but here also the king, Rup Sen, was killed and one of his sons, Bir Sen, fled to the hills and reached Suket. The State of Suket is said to have been founded by Bir Sen, an ancestor of the Sena Dynasty of Bengal.
old mandi himachal

The seperation of Mandi from suket took place about the year 1200 AD. Upto that time, it was the single state of Suket. The then reigning chief Sahu Sen had a quarrel with his younger brother Bahu Sen, who left Suket to seek his fortunes elsewhere. Bahu Sen after leaving Suket settled at Manglan in Kullu, where his descendents lived for 11 generations. Then then chief, Kranchan Sen was killed fighting against the Kullu Raja and his Rani, who was pregnant at that time. fled alone to her father who was the chief of Seokot, who had no son. Here she gave birth to a baby boy who was named Ban, the tree under which he was born. Ban had hardly crossed the age of 15 when he defeated the chief of Kilti who used to plunder travellers.On the death of the chief of Seokot, Ban succeeded to the chiefship of Seokot. He, after some time killed the Rana of Sakor and took posesssion of his lands. he then changed his residence to Bhiu, on the banks of Beas and a few miles from the present Mandi town. Mandi emerged as a seperate state in the begining of the sixteenth century. Down the line of descendants of Ban came Ajbar Sen, nineteenth in descent from Bahu Sen, who founded Mandi Town in 1527 AD, the capital of the erstwhile state of Mandi and the headquarters of the now Mandi District.

Ajbar Sen was the first great ruler of Mandi. He was probably the first to assume the designation of Raja. He consolidated the territories that he had inherited and added to them new ones that he wrested from the hands of his neighbours. He built a palace here and adorned it with four towers. He also built the temple of Bhut Nath and his Rani constructed that of Trilok Nath. Down the line of descendants was Raja Sidh Sen, who succeeded Raja Gur Sen in 1978 AD. Mandi had never been so powerful before his reign and after that never was. He captured great areas from the adjoining areas. it was during his reign that Guru Govind Singh, the tenth guru of the sikhs visited Mandi in the close of the 17th century. He had been imprisoned by Raja singh, the chief of Kullu, from whom he had sought assistance against Mughal troops and his followers believe that Guruji escaped by using miraculous powers. Raja Sidh Sen, who is also considered to be a posessor of great miraculous powers, entertained his with great hospitality. He built the great tank before the palace.

He also built the temples of "Sidh Ganesha" and "Trilokinath". The entire history of both the states of Mandi and Suket is littered with wars with among themselves and other adjoining states. These two states had always been rivals and generally enemies, but there was no great result of their warfare. The fertile valley of Balh was the common ground of desire and dispute. On 21st February 1846 the chiefs of Mandi and Suket visited Mr. Erskine, Suprintendent of the Hill States for the British Government, owing their allegiance to the Britishers and securing their protection. on 9th march, 1846 a treaty was concluded between the British Government and the Sikh Durbar whereby the whole of the Doab area between the Beas and the Sutlej was ceeded to the British Government, and this included the ststes of Mandi and Suket also. On 1st November 1921, both the state of Mandi and Suket were transferred from the political control of Punjab Government to that of Government of India till 15th August 1947, India’s Independence Day.


The district is situated between 31-13-50 and 32-04-30 north latitude and 76-37-20 and 77-23-15 east longitude. It is bounded by Kangra on the north-west, Hamirpur & Bilaspur in the west, Arki tehsil of Solan district in the south, Shimla district in the south-west and Kullu district in the east. The district has 2 main rivers viz. the Beas and the Satluj. The river Beas enters the district from close to Bajaura, at the boundary of Kullu and leaves the district at Sandhol. The Mandi town is also located on the banks of this river. For the greater part of it’s length, it runs between high banks and as it is of never great breadth, the current is swift, especially during the rains. Practically the whole of the district drains into the Beas with only the south-east corner situated on the Satluj watershed.

Rivers and Tributaries:

Within the district the principal tributaries of the Beas on the north bank are Uhl, Luni, Rana and Binu and on the south bank are the Hanse, Tirthan, Bakhli, Jiuni, Suketi, Ranodi, Son and Bakar. The greater part of the district is mountanous terrain with the main ranges of maountains running from the north to the south with the system being broken up by innumerable transverse spurs. The most conspicuous is the Jalori range which is crossed by a high road from from Kullu to Shimla by a pass named as Jalori pass. It divides the watersheds of the Satluj and the Beas and on it’s northern slopes is unusually well wooded with deodar and blue pine forests of great value. the highest peak in the range is Shikari Devi (11,060 feet), it’s summit being crowned by a shrine to a local goddess. The range throws off three main spurs which extend throughout the tract known as the Mandi Saraj. To the north of the Beas is the Nargu range, a continuation of the Bir Bhangal, seperating Mandi from Kullu proper and crossed by the Bhubu pass (9,480 feet). The mountains here run upto 13000 feet, the slopes often being very precipitous and the valleys deep.

Mountains :

Almost parallel and running down the centre of the district is the Ghoghar-Ki-Dhar, of which the slopes are fairly gentle. It is not well wooded, but contains large expanses of excellent grazing and the salt quarries of Drang and Guman. The Sikandar Range commences from the trijunction with Suket and Bilaspur and from there runs northward for fifty miles. The range contains some good forests of chil pine. but the greater part of it consists of rich grass slopes. It’s name is attributed to Sikander Lodhi, who, 375 years before the reign of Akbar, is supposed to have crossed it on his way to the conquest of Kangra. The range of altitudes in the district is high, with the highest point being around 13,000 feet on the Kullu border and the lowest point 1,800 feet near Sandhol where the Beas leaves the district. The only area which is similar to the plains is the Balh valley. Several of the valleys are open and are often irrigable from kuhls, or small water channels, and contain some of the most fertile land in the state. Due to the hilly terrain, some of the hills are so precipitous that cultivation in large scale is impossible.

Famous Temples and Lakes

Dev Balakameshwar Temple:
Himachal Pradesh – ‘The Land of Gods’ , famous by the name ‘devbhoomi’ all over the world. This state is said to be protected and sheltered by the power of numerous local deities. These deities possess some peculiar personality traits and have their own individual entity. Every region in Himachal believes in a distinct deity. All the faith of the local people is vested in these local gods called ‘devta’ in the regional language.Some of the deities and their characteristics that distinguish them from each other are discussed below- Dev Balakameshwar temple is 13 km from Mandi and located in its very heart,Practically synonymous with Mandi located in its very heart Dev Balakameshwar Temple,located in village & po tikkar.

Triloknath Temple:
triloknath temple
It is a Shiva temple erected in stone in the Shikhara style. The cella contains a lefe-sized three faced stone image of Shiva who is riding on a bull with Parvati in his lap. There is also a second image, probably of Shiva, which is much worn out. The workman throughout is good but the carving has  suffered much from neglect and is much worn owing to the soft nature of the sandstone employed but is still one of the finest monuments. The image which it enshrines is connected with the rite of Sati, in which a woman whose husnabd would die would burn herself on the funral pire. Such a woman was brought to the temple before she mounted the pire and was shown the face at the back of the idol.

Bhootnath Temple:
Practically synonymous with Mandi and located in its very heart, Bhootnath Temple is as old as the town itself and dates to the 1520s. In March, the festival of Shivratri is a major event and the Bhootnath Temple is its focus. For an entire week, the town celebrates the arrival of hundreds of local deities on elaborately decorated palanquins.The most popular shrine in Mandi is that of Bhuth Nath who is venerated as the guardian of the town and represents Shiva in his attributes. The temple is of stone in the Shikara style, consisting of a small porch 
and cella surmounted by a spire. The sabha mandap in front is apperently and addition. The porch is supported by fluted pillars with capitals carved in elephants, the arch between being trefoil.

Panchvaktra Temple:
panchvaktra temple
At the confluence of the Beas and Suketi is a Shikara temple evidently of considerable age and dedicated to Shiva, under the name of Panchvaktra (the five-faced one). the main porch or mandap is supported on four heavy pillars, the capitals of which are carved in flower-pot design and the bases in rosettes of lAt the confluence of the Beas and Suketi is a Shikhara temple evidently of considerable age and dedicated  to Shiva, under the name of Panchvaktra (the five-faced one). the main porch or mandap is supported on four heavy pillars, the capitals of which are carved in flower-pot design and the bases in rosettes of lotuses. The main image is of some interest, since the five faces are not placed in one row as is usually the case with polycephalic statues, but in such a way that the fourth face is on the reverse side of the slab which is otherwise quite plain and fifth on top of the image slab. thus when seen from the front, only three faces are visible. The number of arms is ten. Such images of the five-faced Shiva are not uncommon in Mandi.

Rewalsar Lake:
lake rewalsar
About 25 km from Mandi, 14 km from Ner Chowk is the Rewalsar lake, famous for its floating islands of reed. It is believed that all seven of them can be moved by prayer or breeze. There are three shrines here, a Buddhist monastery, where elaborate rituals are performed, a Sikh gurudwara and a Hindu temple. It was from this place that the sage Padma Sambhava, a zealous teacher of Buddhism, left as a missionary to preach the doctrine of "the enlightened" in Tibet. Lying in a mountain hollow, the lake is held sacred to all three communities; boating facilities are available. Tourist inn maintained by HPTDC provide accommodation and Indian cuisine.

Prashar Lake:

Prashar Lake lies 49 km north of Mandi, with a three-storied pagoda-like temple dedicated to the sage Prashar.

Macchial Lake:
Macchial Lake is a low altitude lake which is situated in Mandi district (7 km from the Jogindernagar town). This lake is considered sacred and is named after Macchendru Devta or Matasya Avtar of Lord Vishnu.

Joginder Nagar:
The large hydro-electric project in Joginder Nagar has an electric trolley takes the visitor up the steep, rocky face of 2,500 metres-high (8,202 ft) mountain and drops sharply on the other side to Barot, where the reservoir is.
The railway line goes up to the power station, the water rushing down from the reservoir at Barot in the Uhl river through penstock pipes going down nearly a thousand metres (3,280 ft). For tourists who go up to Barot by the trolley, there is a comfortable rest house of the electricity department. The roads extend beyond to Mandi and passes the Larji gorge to the Kullu valley.
Bassi power station is 8 kilometres from Jogindernagar. Next to it is Machhial where fishing is not permitted as it is considered a holy sacred spot. It is a popular as a feeding spot for fish.
Ladh-bharol: 25 km from Joginder Nagar very beautiful town, santan datri ma simsa mata mandir in nearby Lad-bharol, 7 km from Ladh-bharol, Nageshwar Mahadev Coudh is near Bharol. The Triveni Mahadev where three rivers Bias, Binwa and one local are meeting with each other. A very ancient Lord shiva temple is there and very scenic beauty of the intersecting of three rivers.
Santan Datri Man Shimsha (Sharda) is at Village Shimashjust on the top of hill of Triveni Mahadev. Childless women pray and sleep inside the temple in Navratras and man blessed them with different fruits indicating boy or girl.
Nageshwar Mahadev Kud is in the foothills of village shimash and there is ancient goofa in which lot of natural shivlings. A unique and natural combined shivling of Shiva and Parvati, a unique and natural Sculpture of Nandi Bail and finally a unique and natural shivling with NAG; that is why it is known as Nageshwar Mahadev.

Sunder Nagar:
sundernagar mandi

Famous for its temples, 26 km from Mandi towards Shimla and at a height of 1,174 metres on the raised edge of a fertile valley, the beautiful town of Sunder Nagar is known for its shady walks amidst towering trees. On top of a hill and visited by thousands of devotees every year, is the Sukhdev Vatika and temple of Mahamaya.
The biggest hydro-electric project in all Asia, the Beas-Sutlej project, irrigating nearly one-fourth of the northern plains of India, has brought unprecedented prosperity to Sunder Nagar. The Beas-Sutlej link colony is the biggest colony in Himachal Pradesh.

At a distance of 80 km from Mandi, Janjehli is a paradise for hikers, offering treks up to a height of 3,300 metres. All the road is motorable and fun to ride. The road is connected to Karsog which remains open all seasons except some weeks of winter. It takes about 3 hours to reach here from Mandi via Baggi, Chail Chowk and Thunag (Tehsil Headquarters). In the midst of thick forest, forests (15 km from Gohar) is Bajahi. There is a beautiful and well-furnished rest house to stay overnight. From here Janjehli is a scant 20 km away through bridle path. Chindi and Karsog are nice places for meditation. Janlehli is popular for adventure activities like-trekking, night safari, mountneering, skiing etc. At the distance of 10 km from janjehli is the Shikari Mata temple.
The temple is all about Goddess "Shikari Devi" and people visits here in masses to accolades for their well being. It is a beautiful and scenic place with mountains which seem to be avoiding each other but the clouds more often get them in touch. Thunag is a beautiful place to visit, despite Tehsil Headquarters it is home to a stunning rest house with glorious location and thick canopy of Deodars, addition to that native land of Sh. Jai Ram Thakur (MLA & Incumbent State Minister). Jarol is beautiful place between Janjehli and Thunag.

Barot is a picnic spot and tourist location in Mandi district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is situated 40 km from Jogindernagar and 66 km from Mandi, the district headquarters. The road to Barot branches off at Jogindernagar-Mandi high ways and from Jogindernagar the distance is 40 km. It is sometimes possible to use the trolley from Jogindernagar which reduces the distance to 12 km. The route includes terraced fields and thick cedar forests, rising to Jhatingri at the hilltop. The remains of the summer palace of the former rulers of Mandi are located here.Through the little village of Tikkan, the road carries on to Barot. The town has a range of outdoor activities, including a trout breeding centre from where fish are released into the Uhl. A 30 km section of the river is used for angling.
Barot also forms the gateway to the Nargu Wildlife Sanctuary which lies across the Uhl. The sanctuary is home to the monal, black bear and ghoral. Within it are forest rest houses at Thaltuckhod and Silbandhwari. Through woods of cedar and pine a trek route cuts across the sanctuary to Kullu.

At a distance of 22 km from Mandi (Mandi-Jalandhar NH-70) is a sub-tehsil of Mandi district. Arnodi "khadd" flows along the tungal valley to meet the river Beas at kun ka tar. Famous temples are Shiv temple Kotli, Racehra dev temple kotli and Racehra hill, Janitri devi Temple at Janitri Hill, Jhagru Dev Temple, Kasla dev and kamrawh dev temple kotli, surgani devi temple, Mahan Dev temple, Tej bahadur singh Temple, troka wali devi temple, and Nagni devi temple.. Famous fairs are the Saigaloo, Mahan Dev, and Janitri Devi.

Other Places and Temples:
  • Sunken Garden (Indira Market)
  • Tarna Temple, also called Shyama Kali temple
  • Bhima Kali Temple
  • Kamlah-Fort
  • Vishvakarma temple


Rivers of Himachal Pradesh (Water bodies)

Himachal Pradesh is a major source of water for Indus and Ganga river basins. Some of major drainage systems of the region are Chandrabhaga (Chenab), Ravi, Beas, Satluj and Yamuna. All of these rivers are fed by snow, rainfall and have good amount of water all year round. Following is a list of some major rivers in Himachal Pradesh :

Rivers of Himachal Pradesh (Water bodies)

Beas River

beas river photos
Bear River

What is the Vedic Name of Beas River?

Answer: Arjikiya

What is the Sanskrit Name of Beas River?

Answer: Vipasa

Origin of Beas River:

Beas River originated from Beas Kund in Pir Panjal Range near Rohtang Pass (3978 metres) in Kullu District.

Which are the main tributaries of Beas River?

Parbati, Hurla,Sainj, Uhl, Suketi, Luni Banganga, Binwa, Chakki, Gaj, Neugal, Dehar

Salient Features:

  • It flows 256 kilometers in Himaxchal Pradesh
  • Catchment area of Beas River in Himachal is 1200 Sqkm
  • Beas River enters Mandi district at Bajaura and leaves Mandi at Sandhol to enter in Kangra Distict.
  • Beas River flows from east to west between Indora and Mirthal
  • Beas River enters Punjab at Mirthal in Kangra District.
  • Beas River Merges into river Satluj at Hari ka Pattan ( Wet Land) in Ferozpur Distt. of Punjab.

Chenab River

chenab river photos
Chenab River

What is the Vedic Name of Chenab River?

Answer: Askni

What is the Sanskrit Name of Chenab River?

Answer: Chandra Bhaga

Origin of Chenab River:

Chenab River formed by the confluence of Chandra and Bhaga streams at Tandi ( In Lahaul) which arises from the opposite sides of Baralacha Pass

Which are the main tributaries of Chenab?

Miyar Nullah, Saicher Nullah

Salient Features:

  • Chenab River flows 122 km in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Catchment Area of Chenab River in H.P is 7500 km.
  • Chenab River enters Pangi Valley of Distt. Chamba at Bhujind.
  • Chenab River leaves Distt Chamba at Sansari Nala to enter Podar Valley of Kashmir.
  • Chenab River is the largest river of Himachal in terms of volume of water.

Ravi River:

What is the Vedic Name of Ravi River?
ravi river photos
Ravi River

Answer: Purushni

What is the Sanskrit Name of Ravi River?

Answer: Iravati

Origin of Ravi River:

Ravi river rises in Bara Banghal (Kangra) as joint stream formed by glacier fed Bhadal and Tantgiri.

What are the tributaries of Ravi River?

Bhadal , Siul, Baira, Tantgiri, Chirchind Nullah

Salient Features:

  • Ravi River flows 158 km in Himachal
  • Catchment area of Ravi River in Himachal is 5451 Sqkm
  • Alexander The Great alled it hydraster or Rhouadis.
  • Chamba town lies on the bank of Ravi River.
  • Ravi River leaves Chamba at Kheri to enter Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Ravi River merges with Chenab in Pakistan.
  • Ravi River seperates PirPanjal Range from Dhauldhar Range.

Satluj River:

satluj river in himachal
Satluj River

What is the Vedic Name of Satluj River?

Answer: Saturdi

What is the Sanskrit Name of Satluj River?

Answer: Shatadru

Origin of Satluj River:

Satluj River rises from Rakastal near Man Sarovar lake in Tibet as Logcheew Khabab River.

What are the tributaries of Satluj River?

Baspa, Spiti, Nagli, Solan

Salient Features:

  • Satluj River flows 320 km in Himachal.
  • Satluj River is the longest river in Himachal Pdesh
  • Satluj River catchment area in H.P. is 20000 Sqkm.
  • Satluj River enters Himachal at Shipki La pass ( 6608 mts) in Kinnaur District.
  • Satluj River enters Bilaspur at Kasol and leaves near Neila.
  • Satluj River enters Distt Shimla at Chaura
  • Satluj River leaves Himachal at Bhakhra to enter Punjab.
  • Asia's Highest Gravity Dam was constructed in Satluj River in 1963.
  • Largest Artificial lake Gobind Sagar (168sqkm) is on this river.

Yamuna River:

yamuna river in himachal What is the Vedic Name of Yamuna River?

Answer: Kalindi

Origin of Yamuna River:

from Yamunotri in Garhwal Hills of Uttrakhand.

What are the tributaries of Yamuna River?

Tons, Pabbar, Giri, Andhra, Bata, Jalal

Salient Features:

  • Yamuna River is the shortest river of himachal Pradesh
  • Catchment area of Yamuna River in Himachal is 2320 sqkm.
  • Yamuna enters HP at Khadar Majri in Distt. Sirmour.
  • Yamuna is the easternmost river of Himachal.
  • Yamuna has mythical relation to the "Sun".
  • Yamuna is the largest tributary of Ganga River.
  • Yamuna enters at H.P at Tajewala in Sirmour and enters Haryana.  

HPAS Pre MCQ Part 1

For Naib Tehsildar and Administrative Services Examination.

1. First woman judge to be appointed to Supreme Court was?
(A) Rani Jethmalani
(B) Anna George Malhotra
(C) M. Fathima Beevi
(D) Leila Seth

2. Which of the following political parties was first De-recognized and later on again recognized as a National Party by Election Commission of India ?
(A) Communist Party of India
(B) Communist Party of India-Marxist
(C) Samajwadi Party
(D) Republican Party of India

3. Right to property according to Constitution of India is a?
(A) Fundamental Rights
(B) Directive Principle
(C) Legal Right
(D) Social Right

4. Which of the following bills cannot be introduced first in the Rajya Sabha?

(A) Bill bringing a State under the President's rule
(B) Money Bill
(C) Bill pertaining to the removal of the President by impeachment
(D) Bill proclaiming all the State of emergency arising out of war or external aggression.

5. The speaker of the Lok Sabha?

(A) Has no right to vote
(B) Votes like any other member of the Lok Sabha
(C) Has two votes-one in ordinary course and another in case of tie
(D) Votes only in case of tie

6. Where wards Committees are found?
(A) Gram Sabha
(B) Gram Panchayat
(C) Municipalities
(D) None of the above

7. Who has the Authority to approve President Rule in the state?
(A) Parliament
(B) Lok Sabha
(C) State Legislature
(D) Council of State

8. Constitutionally, who has the power to make a law on the subject mention able in the Union List? 

(A) Lok Sabha
(B) Parliament
(C) Rajya Sabha
(D) Legislative Council

9. According to Which articles of the Indian Constitution is Hindi, In devnagari script the official language of  the Union ?(A) Article 243
(B) Article 343
(C) Article 223
(D) Article 123

10. Who decides allotment of symbols to Political Parties ?

(A) Political Party leader
(B) Political Party Governing Committees
(C) Election Committee of Political Party
(D) Election Commission


1  (C) M. Fathima Beevi

2  (B) Communist Party of India-Marxist

3  (C) Legal Right

4  (B) Money Bill

5  (D) Votes only in case of tie

6  (C) Municipalities

7  (A) Parliament

8  (B) Parliament

9  (B) Article 343

10 (D) Election Commission

Himachal Transportation Medium Roads and Aviation

Himachal Pradesh has three medium for transportation viz. Road, Railway or Airways. As we know the number of railway lines are less in state and only three airports were established. So the transportation occurs through roads only.

There are 11 National Highways which pass through the state covering a total length of 1552.7 Kms. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways vide notification dated - March 5,2010 has substituted new National Highways number to the existing old number and its name. The NH-5 (Hindustan-Tibet Road) is the oldest and longest National Highway in the state. The construction of this highway was started in the year 1851 AD. While NH-907 covers the shortest distance in the state.

HP Postal Service- 757 Gramin Dak Sevak - Apply Online

Himachal Pradesh Postal Circle has released Notification for the post of 757 Gramin Dak Sevaks (GDS)Applications are Invited from Eligible Candidates. Candidates can apply online from 13.06.2019 to 12.07.2019.
HP Postal Service- 757 Gramin Dak Sevak - Apply Online
HP Postal Circle GDS Vacancy Details:
Name of the Post : Gramin Dak Sevaks (GDS)
No. of Vacancy: 757
Age Limit:  Candidates age should be Minimum 18 Years to Maximum 40 Years as on 06.06.2019. Age relaxation is applicable for SC/ ST/ OBC candidates as per rules.
Educational Qualification : Candidates should have Secondary School Examination pass certificate of 10th standard with passing marks in Mathematics and English(having been studied as compulsory or elective subjects). The candidate should have studied the local language at least up to 10th standard [as compulsory or elective subjects].
Selection Process:  Selection will be made as per the automatic generated merit list as per the rules based on the candidates online submitted applications.
Pay Scale:
hp postal service pay scale

Application Fee: 
For OC/OBC/EWS MaleRs.100/-
Female/PWD No Fee
Payment ModeOnline Mode
  • For OC/OBC/EWS Male Candidates – Rs. 100/- ( Rupees one hundred) for each set of five options.
  • Payment of fee is exempted for all female candidates, all SC/ST candidates and all PwD candidates.
Apply Mode: Online
How to Apply : Candidates can apply Online through the Official website https://indiapost.gov.in or http://appost.in/gdsonline From 13.06.2019 to 12.07.2019.
Note : For more information Candidates can also check the Official Notification.
Important Dates:
Starting Date for Registration & Fee Submission06.06.2019
Last Date for Registration & Fee Submission05.07.2019
Starting Date for Apply Online13.06.2019
Last Date for Apply Online12.07.2019

Himachal Pradesh Railway System

The idea for Railway Lines in Himachal was first coined in the year of 1847 by Delhi Gazette. The first railway track was for Shimla to Kalka which is a narrow gauge railway line to cove 96 km distance between the valley of Solan District.
Total four railway lines were made with ratio 2:2 means two narrow gauge and two broad gauge line.
Both narrow gauge railway line are now maintained by UNESCO as they were included in World's Heritage Sites.

हिमाचल में रेलवे लाइनों के लिए विचार पहली बार 1847 में दिल्ली गजट द्वारा तैयार किया गया था। पहला रेलवे ट्रैक शिमला से कालका के लिए था, जो सोलन जिले की घाटी के बीच 96 किमी की दूरी तय करने के लिए एक संकीर्ण गेज रेलवे लाइन है।
कुल चार रेलवे लाइनें 2: 2 का अर्थ दो संकीर्ण गेज और दो ब्रॉड गेज लाइन के साथ बनाई गई थीं।
दोनों नैरो गेज रेलवे लाइन अब यूनेस्को द्वारा बनाए रखी गई हैं क्योंकि वे विश्व के धरोहर स्थलों में शामिल थे।

1. Kalka Shimla Narrow Gauge Railway Line

Himachal Pradesh Railway System

Key facts of Kalka Shimla Narrow Gauge Railway Line

Distance to cover
96.53 km 
Type of train
Narrow Gauge (Toy Train)
Inaugurated on
Nov 9,1903
Inaugurated By
 Lord Curzon
No. of Tunnel (Current)
Longest Tunnel
Barog Tunnel (1.143 Km)
First Passenger
Lala Ram Narayan

Features of Kalka Shimla Railway Line:

  1. First Idea of this Railway track was published in the Delhi Gazette in the year 1847
  2. Shimla Kalka Railway Line was Inaugurated on November 9, 1903 by the Viceroy of India Lord Curzon. (C) HIMPUSTAK.COM
    Solan's wine contractor Lala Ram Narayan was the first official passenger. 
  3. This Railway line reached Shimla for the first time in 1906. Rail car service was introduced on this line in 1927
  4. There were 107 tunnels initially but in 1930 they were reduced or renumbered to 103, currently there are only 102 tunnels left
    Tunnel No. 46 which was at Solan Brewery is no longer there. This railway track also has 869 bridges, and 919 curves. 
  5. The Longest tunnel on this Kalka Shimla Railway track is the Barog tunnel (1143m long) located at 1560m above the sea level .

  6. When the digging process of the Barog Tunnel was going on, the British Engineer Captain Barog (the tunnel was named after him) was not able to find the other end of the tunnel. Then He got Frustrated and he shot himself and his dog inside the tunnel. 
    After his suicide, Britishers approached to Baba Bhalku Ram of Chail, Distt. Solan who with his supernatural powers surveyed the track with the help of a stick that helped Britishers to undertake the task.  Train has 7 compartments with a capacity of 200 passengers. 
  7. Mr. H.S.Harrigton was the Chief Engineer who supervised the construction of this Railway line.
  8. This was also included in the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO's) World Heritage List on July 7, 2008
  9. Also featured in the Guinness Book of World Records as it rises from Kalka at 640m from sea level to the Shimla at 2130m, making it the Steepest Ascend for this distance. (C) HIMPUSTAK.COM

कालका शिमला रेलवे लाइन की विशेषताएं:

  1. इस रेलवे ट्रैक का पहला आइडिया दिल्ली गजट में वर्ष 1847 में प्रकाशित हुआ था।
  2. शिमला कालका रेलवे लाइन का उद्घाटन 9 नवंबर, 1903 को भारत के वाइसराय लॉर्ड कर्जन द्वारा किया गया था।
  3. सोलन के शराब ठेकेदार लाला राम नारायण पहले आधिकारिक यात्री थे।
  4. यह रेलवे लाइन 1906 में पहली बार शिमला पहुंची थी। 1927 में इस लाइन पर रेल कार सेवा शुरू की गई थी।
  5. शुरुआत में १० initially सुरंगें थीं लेकिन १ ९ ३० में वे घटकर १०३ हो गईं, वर्तमान में केवल १०२ सुरंगें बची हैं।
  6. सुरंग नंबर 46 जो सोलन ब्रेवरी में थी, अब नहीं है। इस रेलवे ट्रैक में 869 पुल और 919 घुमाव भी हैं।
  7. इस कालका शिमला रेलवे ट्रैक पर सबसे लंबी सुरंग बरोग सुरंग (1143 मीटर लंबी) समुद्र तल से 1560 मीटर की ऊंचाई पर स्थित है।
  8. रेल ट्रैक के पीछे की कहानी:
  9. जब बरोग सुरंग की खुदाई की प्रक्रिया चल रही थी, ब्रिटिश इंजीनियर कैप्टन बारोग (सुरंग का नाम उनके नाम पर रखा गया था) को सुरंग के दूसरे छोर का पता नहीं चल पाया था। फिर वह निराश हो गया और उसने सुरंग के अंदर अपने और अपने कुत्ते को गोली मार दी।
  10. अपनी आत्महत्या के बाद, ब्रिटिशों ने चैल, जिला के बाबा भालकु राम से संपर्क किया। उसने ने अपनी अलौकिक शक्तियों के साथ एक छड़ी की मदद से ट्रैक का सर्वेक्षण किया जिससे ब्रिटिशों को कार्य करने में मदद मिली। ट्रेन में 200 यात्रियों की क्षमता वाले 7 डिब्बे हैं।(C) HIMPUSTAK.COM
  11. श्री एच.एस.हरिगटन मुख्य अभियंता थे जिन्होंने इस रेलवे लाइन के निर्माण की देखरेख की।
  12. यह 7 जुलाई, 2008 को संयुक्त राष्ट्र शैक्षिक वैज्ञानिक और सांस्कृतिक संगठन (यूनेस्को की) विश्व धरोहर सूची में भी शामिल था।
  13. गिनीज बुक ऑफ वर्ल्ड रिकॉर्ड्स में भी दर्ज किया गया है क्योंकि यह कालका से समुद्र तल से 640 मीटर की दूरी पर शिमला में 2130 मीटर की दूरी पर उगता है, जिससे यह इस दूरी के लिए स्टीपेस्ट एसेन्ड बन जाता है। (C) HIMPUSTAK.COM

2. Pathankot - Joginder nagar Narrow Gauge Railway Track:

Key Features of Pathankot Joginder Nagar Railway Line:

Distance to cover
113 km 
Type of train
Narrow Gauge (Toy Train)
Opened for Traffic
Apr 01,1929
No. of Tunnel (Current)/ No. of Bridges
2 / 993
Longest Bridge (narrow gauge)
The Gaj Bridge

Features of Pathankot-Joginder Nagar Railway Line:

  1. The construction of this railway line was first started in 1926 A.D. and it was opened to carry transport on April 1, 1929.  
  2. There are 993 bridges and only 2 tunnels on this railway line.The Gaj bridge over the Gaj khud (Bridge No. 254) holds the record for the longest narrowgauge bridge in India. It was actually built by the Britishers for transporting raw material to the Shanan Power House at Jogindernagar in Distt. Mandi. Nagrota-Jogindar Nagar section of this line which was closed in 1942 and was reopened for traffic on April 15, 1954. (C) HIMPUSTAK.COM
  3. On Feb 1, 2009 it has been recommended for inclusion in the UNESCO's World Heritage List for 2009 .

पठानकोट-जोगिंदर नगर रेलवे लाइन की विशेषताएं:

  1. इस रेलवे लाइन का निर्माण पहली बार 1926 में शुरू हुआ था और इसे 1 अप्रैल, 1929 को परिवहन के लिए खोला गया था।
  2. इस रेलवे लाइन पर 993 पुल और केवल 2 सुरंग हैं। गज खूद (ब्रिज नंबर 254) पर बना गज पुल भारत में सबसे लंबे संकरी पुल का रिकॉर्ड रखता है। यह वास्तव में अंग्रेजों द्वारा जिले के जोगिन्दरनगर में शानन पावर हाउस में कच्चे माल के परिवहन के लिए बनाया गया था। मंडी। इस लाइन का नगरोटा-जोगिंदर नगर खंड जो 1942 में बंद कर दिया गया था और 15 अप्रैल, 1954 को यातायात के लिए फिर से खोल दिया गया था।
  3. 1 फरवरी 2009 को इसे यूनेस्को की 2009 के लिए विश्व धरोहर सूची में शामिल करने की सिफारिश की गई है।

3. Nangal-Una-Amb Railway Line

Distance to cover
33 km 
Type of train
Broad Gauge
Opened for Traffic
Jan 11, 1991

The first 14 km. stretch of this line between Nangal & Una was inaugurated for traffic on Jan 11, 1991 by the then Railway Minister Janeshwar Mishra. Currently it is the only functional broad gauge railway line in H.P .

पहले 14 किमी। नांगल और ऊना के बीच इस रेल लाइन का उद्घाटन 11 जनवरी, 1991 को तत्कालीन रेल मंत्री जनेश्वर मिश्र ने किया था। वर्तमान में यह H.P में एकमात्र कार्यात्मक ब्रॉड गेज रेलवे लाइन है।

4. Bhanupali-Bilaspur-Bairi Railway Line

Distance to cover
3 km 
Type of train
Broad Gauge
Pre Survey Done

  1. Preliminary Survey of this railway track was started in 1985. The Northern Railway has awarded to the H.P. Govt. the construction of first 3 Kms of this railway line at a cost of Rs. 17.25 Crore with a funding ratio of 75:25 between the Centre and the State Governments. (C) HIMPUSTAK.COM
  2. The proposed length of this railway line is 63 Km.

  1. इस रेलवे ट्रैक का प्रारंभिक सर्वेक्षण 1985 में शुरू किया गया था। उत्तर रेलवे ने एच.पी. सरकार। रु। की लागत से इस रेलवे लाइन के पहले ३ किलोमीटर का निर्माण। 17.25 केंद्र और राज्य सरकारों के बीच 75:25 के वित्त पोषण अनुपात के साथ करोड़।(C) HIMPUSTAK.COM
  2. इस रेलवे लाइन की प्रस्तावित लंबाई 63 किलोमीटर है।

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