Page Nav


Gradient Skin


Breaking News


HPAS Pre and Mains Strategy including Preferred Books

HPAS Pre and Mains Strategy including Preferred Books

Eligibility Criteria:

Minimum Educational Qualifications For HPAS
The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.
Age Limits For Appearing in HPAS Exam:
From 21 to 32 years of age, relaxations are there for people under different quotas.
Number of Attempts:
·        General = 6
·        OBC = 9
·        SC/ST = No bar
·        PH= 9
Note: (i)If you attempt prelims, it will be considered an attempt even if you appear for just one paper.
(ii) Notwithstanding the disqualification/ cancellation of candidature, the fact of appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt
Process of Selection:-
The Civil Services Examination will consist of two successive stages:
(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination; and
(ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts.
Basic Exam Syllabus for Prelims:
Paper I – (200 marks) Duration: Two hours
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development -Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization
  • General Science.
  • (GK of Himachal is also there when HPAS exam is considered)
Paper II- (200 marks) Duration: Two hours
  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
  • English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).
Note 1 : This all exam is objective type. The second exam is just qualifying where students have to score 33% marks to qualify. The cut-off for mains is based on first exam which usually go around 100+ for general category.
(HPAS exam had 100 questions in paper 2 and IAS exam had only 80 in 2017 Prelims)
Application Fee:
Candidates (excepting Female/SC/ST/PH Candidates who are exempted from payment of fee) are required to pay fee of Rs. 100/- for HPAS fee for 2017 exam was Rs. 400 /-
Once you get through the Prelims, you have to go through a series of 2+7 exams in MAINS
Paper – A
Language -300 Marks
Candidate can take any Modern Indian language but this paper is of qualifying nature
Paper – B
English -300 Marks
This paper is of qualifying nature
Paper – I
Essay – 250 Marks
Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice
General Studies-I 250 Marks
(Indian Heritage and Culture,
History and Geography of the World and Society)
General Studies -II: 250 Marks
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
General Studies -III 250 Marks
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
General Studies -IV 250 Marks
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
Marks carried by General Studies papers are 4X 250=1000
Optional Subject – Paper 1 -250 Marks
Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks
The candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject “without the condition of having it at the graduation level.”
Sub Total (Written test) 1750 Marks
Marks of English and Language will not be counted in the total tally of marks for the written exam. So the total of the Mains exam will be 1750 Marks Only.
Interview/Personality Test – 275 marks
Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.
Grand Total 2025 Marks 
A candidate is allowed to use any one language from the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution or English as the medium of writing the examination.
You have to choose only 1 subject for paper 6 and 7 out of the following
  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
  • Botany
  • Boda
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • Indian History
  • Law
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology Main
  • Statistics Main
  • Zoology Main
  • Anthropology
  • Arabic
  • Assamese
  • Bengali
  • Dogri
  • English
  • Gujarati
  • Hindi
  • Kannada
  • Kashmiri
  • Konkani
  • Maithili
  • Malayalam
  • Manipuri
  • Marathi
  • Nepali
  • Oriya
  • Persian
  • Punjabi
  • Sanskrit
  • Santali
  • Sindhi
  • Tamil
  • Telugu
  • Urdu
  • Management

HPAS PRE Pattern with Syllabus:

Paper 1: General Studies

 Topics = Discussing important Topics

 Ancient History + Medieval History + Culture + Modern History
  • In Ancient History : Prehistoric India, Historic India, Indus Valley Civilization, Vedic India, Mahajanapadas, Mauryan Period, Gupta Period etc
  • In Medieval History : The Classical Age, Pala Empire, Rashtrakuta Empire, Islam in India, Delhi Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Guru Nanak, Mughals, Arrival of Europeans etc
  • Culture : Visual Arts (Paintings, Architecture, Sculpture), Performing Arts (Music, Dance, Drama etc), Religions (Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism,        Islam, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism), Society etc.
  • In Modern History : 1st War of Independence, Formation of Indian National Congress, Moderates and Extremists, Muslim League, Gandhian Phase, Non-Co-operation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Quit India Movement, Cripps Mission, Cabinet Mission, Mount Batten Plan, Partition of India Indian Constitution etc.
  • Modern History dominates in this section with 8-10 Questions, although Number of questions vary each year.

 Indian Polity + International Relations
  • Constitution, History, Features , Preamble of the Constitution, Union &Territory, Citizenship, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles, Fundamental Duties , President, Vice-president, Prime Minister, Parliament, Supreme Court, Governor, Chief Minister, State Legislature, High Court, Subordinate Courts, Federal System, Centre-State Relations, Inter-State Relations, Scheduled and Tribal Areas, Panchayati Raj, Urban Local Governments, Emergency Provisions, Special Status of J& K, Election Commission, UPSC, Finance Commission, CAG of India, AG&SG of India,        Subjects of Union, State and Concurrent Lists, Precedence Oaths, Definitions under the Constitution, Constitutional Amendments etc
  • International Relations questions are asked from Current events.
  • Polity dominates this section with 10-12 questions in which 2-3 current events 

  • Geography can be divided into three – Physical Geography, Economic Geography and Social Geography. The major sub-topics under Physical Indian Geography are Physio-graphic divisions, Drainage, Climate, Vegetation, Natural Resources etc. Topics related to environment like Wild-life, Soil, Flora etc should be given stress too. Economic and Social Geography related aspects of Indian Geography should the studied in parallel to Physical Geography.

 Economic & Social Development 
  •  Indian Economy topics like issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment, Government Budgeting, cropping patterns, Public Distribution System, Technology missions, Food processing, Land reforms, Liberalization, Infrastructure and Investment models.
  • Social welfare Schemes etc

 Science + Tech 
  • Physics : 4-5 Questions are asked on various theories
  • Chemistry : 4-5 Questions are asked mainly on metal, non metals, and Organic Chemistry or products
  • Biology : 4-5 Questions are asked related to DNA, body parts, Diseases etc, 
  • Computer : 1-2 Questions
  • Current Discoveries or Noble Prize related 
  • Space and Defense related Current 
  • This Section is one of the Important, although number of questions may vary each year
Environment + Biodiversity
  • Ecology related aspects : Ecosystem, Keystone species, Niche, Food chain, Food web etc.
  • Biodiversity related aspects : Heavy areas like flora and fauna, endangered species, wild life parks, sanctuaries, bio-diversity hot-spots, biosphere reserves, IUCN, summits etc.
  • Climate change/Environment degradation related aspects : Global warming, ozone hole depletion, acid rain etc. Also note down important points, when you hear news related to conventions or protocols like Ramsar Convention, Montreal Protocol, Kyoto Protocol etc.
  • Current questions are also asked in this section

     Himachal General Knowledge
    • History of Himachal Pradesh
    • Geography of Himachal 
    • Administrative & Political History of Himachal Pardesh
    • Art, Culture, Customs & Manners of Himachal
    • Environment & Biodiversity of Himachal
    • Social and Economic Development of Himachal Pradesh
    • Current Affairs of Himachal Pradesh
    • This is one of the most scoring and important section

     Current Events [National + International]
    • In this section Current events of National and International are asked.
    • Some Polity, Economic, Social, Geographic, and Environmental current events are asked and  their related theories too. So this is very important to read newspaper daily and keep relating current affairs with static part.

     Misc ( Awards, Organizations, etc)

     Total Questions
    [Total number of questions vary each Year in all the sections]

    Paper 2 : General Aptitude Test

    Time : 2 Hours | Max Marks : 200 | Questions: 100
    Logical Reasoning (Weak-Strong Argument, Analogy, Odd man, Coding, Calander, Direction test, Blood test, Sitting Arrangement, Syllogism, Data Sufficiency etc )

       Mathematical Ability ( Data Interpretation, Numbers, Series, Data Sufficiency, Divisibility, Percentage, Time-Work, Mode, Median etc )

       Behavioral Psychology + Interpersonal Skills + Decision Making & Problem Solving

       English (Comprehension, blanks)


       Total Questions

    Books Recommended

    No comments